The requirement for an innovative functional space led to the development of a hybrid installation that combines known functions while staying opposed to their envisioned and expected form and usage. This style of architecture of a space that adapts effortlessly to each and every space with ease and conserves important spaces is termed as hybrid architecture.
Modern architecture has a new typology, is known for being versatile, and is built with the ability to integrate many functions. Both the urban environment and the architecture, which is distinguished by a high degree of programmatic complexity, are included in the hybrid architecture style. In other words, hybrid architectural style appears to be an enhanced form of mixed-use construction that addresses issues like land scarcity. The idea of hybrid architectural style is really helpful in these circumstances.
Due to their use of renewable, environmentally friendly materials and the fact that they are frequently constructed more quickly than structures that just rely on structural steel, hybrid buildings are becoming more and more popular. Therefore, despite the fact that its price is occasionally seen as a barrier, this trend of hybrid architecture is becoming more and more popular.
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What is Hybrid Architecture?
In recent years, the phrase “hybrid building” has appeared in a number of architectural publications or blogs. Nevertheless, a lot of individuals are unaware of what a hybrid building is or may even believe that there is no distinction between a hybrid and a mixed-use structure. A hybrid building incorporates both the urban environment and the structures own very sophisticated programmatic design. The hybrid buildings are multipurpose creatures that are integrated and prepared to meet both the city’s expected and unforeseen needs.
The combination of many applications acts as a retrofitting system, stimulating the weaker activities so that everyone benefits. The hybrid structures are intended to create a mix of interior activities that are both public and private. High-density areas are where hybrid buildings are located, with restrictions on land occupation. The hybrid design suggests creating settings where various occupations coexist, enhancing habitat quality and reviving the neighbourhood.
The material in Hybrid Architecture
Building structures can be made more efficiently and sustainably using hybrid materials, which combine steel, concrete, and wood. They also offer alternatives for bettering the design and performance of buildings. Steel reinforcement (a mixture of wood and steel) has been mentioned in the literature, but it is not very common. Traditional building materials like wood are noted for having properties like a high strength to mass ratio and high ductility of mechanical fasteners.
Hybrid building is the design of a variety of building styles using a combination of various materials or techniques. A hybrid system frequently calls for the production of prefabricated components off-site. Construction can be completed more quickly thanks to prefabrication, and installation is made simple because the system can be delivered to the job site as needed.
The phrase “smart materials” is widely used to describe hybrid materials, almost as a synonym. These are substances and goods whose characteristics are susceptible to reversible change in the presence of environmental stimuli like light, heat, electricity, or other physical or chemical stimuli. Technical innovations that are relatively new yet have found application in architecture include thin solar films and organic solar cells.
Many studies have been conducted on insulating materials that, when combined with other materials, acquire amazing qualities in the field of architecture today. Their focus has been on highly integrated, multipurpose façade systems as well as walls, floors, and ceilings due to the premise that physical limits are also spatial borders.
Structural Hybrid System
A hybrid system is one that combines at least two materials in a structural member (such as a beam or column) or in the structure itself. This term is very ambiguous (such as a frame with steel columns and timber beams). Because a composite material can be described by composite qualities and is thus represented by a set of material parameters specific to that system, it has not been thought of as a hybrid system.
However, interfaces between two or even more different materials are present in both hybrid systems and composite materials, and it is crucial to comprehend the behaviour of these interfaces at the most fundamental (physical and chemical) levels.
Hybrid Construction Method
A construction method known as a hybrid architectural system makes use of both modular and prefabricated components. The advantages of both worlds are combined in this hybrid building method. When transferring practical-sized panels to various sites, this includes the high productivity associated with the fabrication of modules and the simplicity of transportation given by a prefabricated or flat-pack build. Undoubtedly, the quick and meticulous building of a module component is a major benefit of a modular build.
Prefabricated construction firms offer buildings made of panels that are created in a factory and quickly and with a flexible design put on site. Recyclable materials can be used to construct panels, which are then finished and painted at a factory. The panels are available in typical sizes and can be insulated. By ordering additional panels and having them delivered, it is simple to make modifications or additions to the house. The needs of the home builder can be met by adding or moving wall, door, and window panels.
Kitchen and bathroom modules must be meticulously assembled after being manufactured. Fitting appliances, toilets, and sinks can be done with professional tradespeople in one place and with attention to detail when constructing a kitchen or bathroom in a factory. The factory is capable of delivering and installing all materials, appliances, and accessories.
Case Study: Hybridized City – Vertical Building
The project is situated in the Catalinas Norte neighbourhood of Buenos Aires City. This structure was created in response to the demands that the modern megalopolis places on a new building type known as hybrid buildings: buildings that can connect various functions and combine them.
These new hybrids have the potential to develop into social condensators for new communities that may define the public space and provide the inhabitants with housing, employment, leisure, and cultural activities. The issue of the XXI century’s urban density is the consolidation of the vertical line as the new spatial experience, making the section of the hybrid more significant than its floor plant. These structures are typically super-buildings, mega structures, or city-buildings.
The juxtaposition of programmatic components serves as a way of measuring the hybrid scale and its relationship to its surroundings. While mixed uses in horizontal hybrids are created by addition in floor plant, they are produced in vertical hybrids via superposition. In hybrid structures, the connection between form and function may be stated explicitly or impliedly. By fragmentation in the first instance, and by integration in the second. The hybrid building will attempt to respond to a container shape rather than having a defined morphology that corresponds to its functions, producing an equal habitat where all the many applications can coexist.
Advantages of Bioclimatic Architecture
For those aiming for great quality, economic effectiveness, and a perfect environmental life cycle evaluation, hybrid buildings offer the best benefits. Below are a few of its benefits.
Versatility and Functionality
Hybrid structures are the best option for construction designs that rely on bays and spans to provide both structural integrity and flexibility for at least two reasons. The spanning capacity of hybrid structures is increased by the use of metal, and better control is ensured by off-site construction. Residents also have unrestricted design options at their disposal. This type of building features a vast variety of textures, ornaments, and building finishes and is not constrained to any one architectural style. Every hybrid structure has the potential to be exquisitely made.
One of the biggest benefits of constructing with components made of various materials is cost effectiveness. Hybrid structures often have better insurance rates since they can resist extreme weather conditions. However, concrete’s greatest benefit is its superb insulation, which results in much cheaper continuing cooling and heating expenditures for all residents.
Due to the fact that the majority of hybrid structures are manufactured in controlled surroundings before being brought to the site, less waste than usual is generated there. Steel, one of the most frequently utilised materials in hybrid buildings, also helps to ensure the durability of these structures. In addition to being recyclable after its useful life, it was made from recycled resources in the first place.
A pandemic freeze is taking place in neighbourhood gathering places and cultural institutions. There is a possibility that the building will continue to serve its purpose by spilling onto the square. Achieving visibility, accessibility, free availability, and inclusivity in the public open space requires engaging the cultural and integrating function.
These hybrids are perfect for blending residential space in the wood frame half of the building with commercial space, such shops and offices, in the concrete portion of the structure. Hybrids might be the most sensible, effective, and economical choice in some circumstances. Hybrid structures just make more sense in terms of efficiency, speed, and economics; they are effective but also far better in terms of quality, durability, and upkeep.